Exploring multi-scale spatial relationship between built environment and public bicycle ridership: A case study in Nanjing
Keywords:Public bicycle system, Built environment, Multi-scale geographically weighted regression, Spatial heterogeneity
A public bicycle system (PBS) is a promising countermeasure for the traffic issues induced by rapid urbanization, and it is widely acknowledged that the built environment has a significant impact on the use of a PBS. However, as the urban built-up area expands, different regions within a city can exhibit diverse characteristics. The spatial effects and differences among regions have been neglected by existing studies. To better understand how the urban built environment affects PBS ridership, this study conducts a quantitative analysis of the spatial relationship. It introduces a multi-scale geographically weighted regression (MGWR) to accomplish this task and conducts and evaluates a case study of the PBS in Nanjing, China. Six types of “D” variables (density, diversity, design, destination accessibility, distance to transit, and demand management) are involved in the analysis. The proposed method outperforms linear regression and standard geographically weighted regression (GWR) in terms of explanatory power. The modeling results demonstrate different influencing patterns between traditional downtown areas and newly built-up areas, especially for the density of population, road network, parking space, and various points of interest.
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